THE TOWN OF EDEN, VERMONT (05652)
Chartered: August 28, 1781 (Vermont Charter)
Area: 40,958 Acres = 64 Square Miles [Size Rank: 5*]
Coordinates (Geographic Center): N 44° 42′ W 72°33′
Altitude: 1,111 feet ASL
Population (US Census, 2000): 1,125[Population Rank: 138*]
Population Density (persons per square mile): 18 [Density Rank: 200*]
Government: Select Board & Town Meeting
Public Schools: Lamoille North Supervisory Union & Eden Central School
*Area, Population and Density rankings refer to Eden’s relative position among Vermont’s 255 civic entities (9 cities, 242 towns, 4 gores and grants).
ABOUT EDEN, VERMONT – Estimated 2010 Population is 1,172:
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 64.3 square miles (166.5 km2), of which, 63.6 square miles (164.7 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (1.10%) is water. The Babcock Nature Preserve, a geologically significant tract of land used by Johnson State College and students of other Vermont State Colleges is located in Eden. The preserve is used for teaching courses in geology, field biology, and field ornithology. Eden, a hamlet located near the central part of the town, consists of one store and a half dozen dwellings. Lake Eden offers a ton of summer camping, boating and fishing. In surface, Eden is a rough and mountainous and made quite picturesque by numerous ponds and rivers. The principal elevations are Belvidere, Hadley, and Norris Mountains. Belvidere Mountain, situated in the northwestern part of the township and partly in the town from which it takes its name, is an elevation of considerable height. Its rocky sides are well timbered, but at its summit there is a small open space affording an excellent view of the surrounding beautiful scenery, a view extending beyond the historic Champlain on the west, and to the White Mountains on the east. Tradition has never been verified, however, and probably has no foundation in fact. Mounts Hadley and Norris lie in the northeastern part of town, and are elevations of no mean height. The surface of Mt. Hadley presents rocky, jagged and on the whole, quite picturesque aspect, and there is said to be a small pond at its summit. Eden Mills is a post village, located in the central part of the town. Eden Notch is located in Eden on Route 100.
OF HISTORICAL INTEREST
Eden was chartered to a group of Green Mountain Boys officers and troops and heirs of men killed in the Revolution. The list of 72 names reads like a veritable “Who’s Who of Vermont”, virtually all of the men who figured in the conduct of the revolt itself or in the establishment of the Republic. The town was chartered to the veterans in the hopes that it would be a post-war “Eden” to them; however, as far as can be determined, none of them ever settled there. It was not at all topographically suited to live up to its Biblical name. Rough and mountainous (several peaks over 2,000 feet), with numerous lakes and rivers, and not settled until after 1800.
Material excerpted or adapted from Esther Munroe Swift’s ~ Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History