- Chartered: June 8, 1763 (New Hampshire Grant)
- Area: 46,807 Acres = 73.14 Square Miles [ Size Rank: 2* ]
- Coordinates(Geographic Center): N 44° 28′ W 72°41′
- Altitude: 723 feet ASL
- Population(US Census, 2010): 4,339 [ Population Rank: 34* ]
- Population Density(persons per square mile): 59.3 [ Density Rank: 72* ]
- Government: Select Board & Town Meeting
- Public Schools: Lamoille South Supervisory Union, Stowe Elementary School, Stowe High School & Stowe Middle Sc
*Area, Population and Density rankings refer to Stowe’s relative position among Vermont’s 255 civic entities (9 cities, 242 towns, 4 gores and grants).
ABOUT STOWE, VERMONT – Estimated 2010 Population is – 4,339:
Stowe lies in a broad, fertile valley between Mt. Mansfield and other peaks of the Green Mountains on the west, the Worcester Range or “Hogback” Mountains on the east. The Waterbury River (or Little River, as it is presently known) with its main East and West branches and various tributaries, flows southward and above Waterbury Center, empties into the large Reservoir created by the Flood Control Dam. From there the “Little River” flows southward and empties into the westward flowing Winooski River west of the village of Waterbury. Maria Von Trapp came here after escaping from the Nazis (“The Sound of Music”) because it reminded her of her native Austria. Lying in the shadow of Mount Mansfield, Vermont’s highest peak, Stowe is known as “the Ski Capital of the East”. Today Stowe is a Mecca for Skiing, Dinning, Night Clubs, and the Recreation Center is booming with business. Stowe is also known as a destination for all kinds of fun and exploration of the Mountains and the surrounding areas. It also has the boasting rights of having several World Famous Olympians…Snowboarding Champions: Kelley Clark, Snowboarding, Halfpipe – Hannah Teter, Snowboarding, Halfpipe – Lindsey Jacobellis, Snowboard Cross.Alpine Skiing Olympians: Jimmy Cochran, Slalom – Nolan Kasper, Slalom – Chelsea Marshall, Super G – Bode Miller, Downhill, Super G, Giant Slalom, Super Combined.Cross Country Skiing: Andy Newell, Sprints – Liz Stephen, Distance – Caitlin Compton, Distance/Sprints.Freestyle Skiing: Hannah Kearney, Moguls.
OF HISTORIC INTEREST
The village of Moscow is said to be so named because of a large circular saw blade hung in 1839, struck with a hammer to call men to work (alternately to call a school meeting). The sound was likened to the Great Bell of Moscow, the largest in the world, then in the news as having only recently been unearthed after lying buried for more than a hundred years (the 220 ton mammoth had fallen to the ground while being hung in 1734). By 1855 Stowe, with the addition of land from the Towns of Mansfield and Sterling,had become the largest town (in area) in the state. Currently 44,808 acres (72.2 square miles). The first cash crop was potash, leached from the wood ashes of the hardwood cut and burned in the clearing of land. Potash was used in making soap, tanning leather, and for many other purposes. Embargoed by the British during the War of 1812, resulting in a thriving contraband trade across the border–it is believed that the name “Smugglers Notch” may have originated from this and other contraband trade. Water power at Mill Village and Moscow supported early manufacturing, including saw and grist mills, butter tub factories, sash and blind mills, starch and axe factories, furniture and woodworking shops, carding mills and tannery, and a foundry.Stowe at one time had 19 school districts and 19 one-room school houses. Essentially a farming community at first, Stowe became a tourist destination (“a famous summer resort”) after the Civil War, due to the exceptional beauty and scenery, and cool climate. “The summer tourist trade was an important part of the business life of Stowe until the First World War. From such simple beginnings [CCC], arising out of extreme local and economic need [the Depression], the present position of Stowe, as the Ski Capital of the East, originated. The growth and major development of winter sports and recreation in Stowe over the last 25 years is a notable example of the towns own substantial history.