THE TOWN OF WOLCOTT, VERMONT (05680)
Chartered: August 22, 1781 (Vermont Charter)
Area: 25,153 Acres = 39.3 Square Miles [ Size Rank: 136* ]
Coordinates (Geographic Center): N 44° 33′ W 72°28′
Altitude: 720 feet ASL
Population (US Census, 2010): 1,676 [Population Rank: 110*]
Population Density (Persons per square mile): 37 [ Density Rank: 115* ]
Government: Select Board & Town Meeting
Public Schools: Orleans Southwest Supervisory Union & Wolcott Elementary School.
*Area, Population and Density rankings refer to Wolcott’s relative position among Vermont’s 255 civic entities (9 cities, 242 towns, 4 gores and grants).
ABOUT WOLCOTT, VERMONT Estimated 2010 Population is 1,676: Wolcott is an eastern border town of Lamoille County, sitting almost smack dab in the center of the Northern third of the state. The Lamoille River and St. Rte. 15 run through the center of the town, east to west. You won’t see a quintessential picturesque town just driving through until you turn off the main road and drive up into the hills. Most of the back roads are dotted with modest homes and farms, setting on a mix of wooded and pastured terrain, some with spectacular views of the Green Mountains.
Wolcott families have farmed, logged, and otherwise worked the land since Seth Hubbell and Thomas Taylor settled here after the Revolutionary War, taking advantage of land grants by the new government for service to their country. Over the years Wolcott folks have raised sheep, cows, pigs, horses, poultry, and more. They have cultivated everything form corn to Christmas trees. They have kept bees, tapped maple trees, logged the forest, cut ice and gathered stone. In days gone by Wolcott had sawmills, gristmills, creameries, smoke houses, iron forges, sugarhouses, icehouses and bee hives, common structures for the processing and storage of commodities.
Today, Wolcott is home to small scale homesteaders, large agricultural enterprises such as High Mowing Organic Seeds, and as a bedroom community for Stowe and Burlington employees. The Center for Northern Studies, which is affiliated with Sterling College of Craftsbury, has been here for 35 years situated in the hills atop East Hill Rd. Bucks Furniture, also here for about 35 years makes up most of the towns center on Rte. 15. Situated at such a distance from any urban area, Wolcott residents are hard working and resourceful and enjoys a diverse business and residential community.
OF HISTORIC INTEREST
The community was named in Honor of Gen. Oliver W.Wolcott, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. The latitude of Wolcott is 44.546N. The Longitude is -72.458W. Elevation is 1,319 Feet. The population at the time of the 2000 census was 1,456. The second-named grantee, General Oliver Wolcott, was held in only slightly less esteem by Vermonters than George Washington. Son of one of Connecticut’s most outstanding colonial officials, he graduated from Yale and became a noted juror in Litchfield. He later served as a Captain in the French and Indian Wars and became a Commissioner for Indian Affairs, in which role he brought about settlement of the Wyoming Valley – New York – Vermont boundary dispute. He was a member of the Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. During the Revolutionary War he rose to the rank of Major General, after which he served as Lieutenant Governor, then Governor of Connecticut. The Allens, the Chittendens and many other early Vermont leaders were from the Litchfield area, and they all knew and respected General Wolcott.
Today Wolcott has a small Country Store/Gas station and a Church.Some material excerpted or adapted from Esther Munroe Swift’s ~ Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History